Cuba is preparing to open its borders to international tourism and reactivate its main industry from mid-November, when it foresees that 90% of its population will already be vaccinated and considers that the number of coronavirus infections will begin to subside. After a year and a half of a tourist stoppage due to the pandemic – 163,700 visitors entered the country in the first eight months of this year, 95% less than in the same period in 2019 – the island urgently needs to mobilize the economy sector that contributes more fresh currencies to the state coffers, at a time when the country is suffering one of the worst crises in its history, with a drop of 11% in GDP last year.
Havana opted from the beginning for the immunization of its population with its own vaccines. At the moment the island has three vaccines –Soberana 02, Abdala and Soberana Plus–, approved by the Cuban regulatory agency this summer and that now the health authorities will submit to the international approval process by the WHO. The Cuban vaccination scheme contemplates three doses, and its efficacy, according to the research centers that have developed the drugs, is 92%, similar to that of Pfizer, Jansen or Moderna.